There are many causes for the food supply shortage, but two main factors are mainly to blame for this situation: malnutrition and women’s lowered self-esteem. Food shortages often cause women to eat less nutritious foods and suffer more from micronutrient deficiencies than men. The lack of essential nutrients in food leads to more anemia in pregnant teenage girls, which is the leading cause of maternal mortality. Forcing teenage girls into marriage also increases their risks for poor nutrition, putting both the mother and baby at risk.
Conflict in Ukraine
The war in Ukraine is threatening global food security, with 43 million people already close to famine. The Russian invasion has driven an additional 37 to 47 million people into acute food insecurity, according to the World Food Program. Other nations that are suffering from similar food shortages are Yemen, Myanmar, and Afghanistan. Western countries have rejected sanctions against Russia for failing to end the conflict, but he says that sanctions will not help the situation.
The war in Ukraine has strained international food supply chains, putting the safety of many final consumers at risk. The situation in Ukraine puts a great strain on the value chains of agriculture and food production and has caused a global food supply shortage. The Secretary-General of the United Nations has called for both sides to negotiate a peaceful solution. While this is a difficult and tense situation, the United Nations is supporting the efforts of both parties to prevent further humanitarian disasters.
One in three children in 27 food-insecure countries suffers from chronic malnutrition. This can lead to stunting and poor development. More severe cases of malnutrition can be deadly. In addition, a global study showed that higher temperatures are linked to decreased dietary diversity in five of six regions. Similarly, higher CO2 emissions are predicted to push an additional 138 million people into a zinc deficiency by the year 2050.
Food is a global commodity, so the impacts of climate change are felt everywhere. Even the smallest climate change event in a particular region can cause food prices to spike globally. Food prices may rise significantly when the affected region experiences a drought. This could also lead to political unrest and food riots. As a result, farmers must increase production to meet the rising global demand for food. While agricultural production will have to rise in order to keep up with demand, climate change could reduce yields and lower the quality of food.
Domestic food price inflation in low-income countries
The cost of imported food is driving local food price inflation in Cameroon. Even staple foods, such as rice and pasta, are increasingly out of reach for low-income people. In Kenya, where food insecurity is widespread, seven out of ten people lived in food insecurity prior to the war. In February and March, the cost of cooking oil increased by 6.5 percent.
The Ukraine conflict, climate change, and rising prices are contributing to the global food crisis. Oxfam International warned that over a quarter of the world’s population could face extreme poverty by 2022, citing Covid-19 and rising global inequality as contributing factors. Food prices have already risen sharply in many countries, with the IMF estimating that global food prices rose by almost one-third in the past year. In many cases, prices have been pushed up even more because of fuel and fertilizer prices.
In addition to increased food prices, the COVID pandemic, widespread supply chain disruptions, and the soaring global economy have also contributed to food price inflation. As of 2021, 36 countries experienced food price inflation of 15 percent or higher. In developing countries, food costs account for more than 50% of a household’s total expenditure, while only three-fifths of households in high-income countries experience similar rates.
COVID-19 may have contributed to worsening of world hunger
The COVID-19 virus pandemic has resulted in the death of hundreds of thousands of people and has become an economic crisis. The impact of the virus on food production and distribution chains and shortfalls in funding could lead to millions of people dying of hunger. Luckily, many countries are starting to reopen after this devastating disease. The World Food Programme released a report last week that details some of the effects of the virus. Among the affected areas are urban areas, which are usually hit the hardest by a crisis.
The virus impacted many countries, including Canada, where it caused an economic shutdown. In Canada alone, COVID-19-related absences from work increased by 2.5 million people. Relief measures were implemented by different governments of primarily high-income countries. However, the effects of COVID-19 on food security were not as expected. Some countries were hit more than others. That’s because food prices increased, and the food supply slowed down.